A Colonial Complex: South Carolina's Frontiers in the Era of by Steven J. Oatis

By Steven J. Oatis

In 1715 the upstart British colony of South Carolina used to be approximately destroyed in an unforeseen clash with a lot of its Indian friends, so much significantly the Yamasees, a bunch whose sovereignty had develop into more and more threatened. The South Carolina military retaliated again and again till, by way of 1717, the Yamasees have been approximately annihilated, and their survivors fled to Spanish Florida. The warfare not just despatched surprise waves all through South Carolina's govt, economic climate, and society, but in addition had a profound influence on colonial and Indian cultures from the Atlantic Coast to the Mississippi River.Drawing on a various variety of colonial files, A Colonial advanced builds on contemporary advancements in frontier heritage and depicts the Yamasee battle as a part of a colonial advanced: a vast trend of alternate that associated the Southeast’s Indian, African, and ecu cultures in the course of the past due 17th and early eighteenth centuries. within the first distinct research of this important clash, Steven J. Oatis exhibits the results of South Carolina’s competitive imperial enlargement at the problems with frontier exchange, strive against, and international relations, viewing them not just from the point of view of English South Carolinians but additionally from that of the societies that handled the South Carolinians either at once and in a roundabout way. Readers will locate new info at the deerskin exchange, the Indian slave alternate, imperial contention, frontier army approach, and the foremost variations within the cultural panorama of the early colonial Southeast. (20060223)

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Extra info for A Colonial Complex: South Carolina's Frontiers in the Era of the Yamasee War, 1680-1730

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In seeking to bring the trappings of their faith and culture to the Indians of Florida, the Spanish could draw on a model that had achieved considerable success in Mexico. They decided to construct a series of missions near or within existing Indian villages and staff them with a number of resident and itinerant priests. After a few years of experimentation with Jesuit priests, Florida’s governor sent out a call to the enthusiastic Franciscans, who in the early 1570s set to work constructing and supervising dozens of missions that extended further and further from Spain’s coastal enclaves.

By establishing his colony as a beacon for South Carolina’s fugitive slaves, King Carlos II not only won praise as a champion of the Holy Faith but also found a way to strike a satisfying blow at Florida’s English tormentors. Though it did not topple South Carolina from within, Spanish policy on runaway slaves did cause rising concern among the province’s white population throughout the last decade of the seventeenth century. In South Carolina’s earliest years, African slaves had not posed much of a problem to the colonists.

9 By the late seventeenth century, the towns in the Coosa, Tallapoosa, and Chattahoochee basins were being joined by groups that traveled even greater distances and spoke even stranger languages: the Alabamas, forced east by the powerful and aggressive Choctaws; the Koasatis, forced south by the Cherokees and a gun-toting group of raiders known as the Westoes; and the Yuchis, whose tongue and origins were nearly indecipherable to most of the other Indians. 10 The interaction between different Indian groups was becoming increasingly complex throughout the seventeenth century, but the direction taken by these protean societies was also strongly affected by European newcomers.

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