A Gateway to the Great Books, Volumes 1-10 by Mortimer J. Adler, Robert M. Hutchins

By Mortimer J. Adler, Robert M. Hutchins

Gateway to the nice Books is a 10-volume sequence of books initially released via Encyclopædia Britannica Inc. in 1963 and edited by way of Mortimer Adler and Robert Maynard Hutchins. The set used to be designed as an creation to the nice Books of the Western global, released via an identical association and editors in 1952. The set integrated decisions - brief tales, performs, essays, letters, and extracts from longer works - through multiple hundred authors. the choices have been usually shorter and in many ways easier than the full-length books incorporated within the nice Books.

Contents
Volume 1: advent; Syntopical Guide

* A letter to the reader
* Introduction
* Syntopical guide
* Appendices
o A plan of graded reading
o instructed novels
o prompt anthologies of poetry

Volume 2: resourceful Literature I

* Daniel Defoe, Excerpts from Robinson Crusoe
* Rudyard Kipling, "Mowgli's Brothers" from The Jungle Book
* Victor Hugo, "The conflict with the Cannon" from Ninety-Three
* man de Maupassant, "Two Friends"
* Ernest Hemingway, "The Killers" from males with out Women
* Sir Walter Scott, "The Drovers" from Chronicles of the Canongate
* Joseph Conrad, "Youth"
* Voltaire, Micromegas
* Oscar Wilde, "The satisfied Prince" from The chuffed Prince and different Tales
* Edgar Allan Poe, "The Tell-Tale Heart", "The Masque of the crimson Death"
* Robert Louis Stevenson, The unusual Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
* Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens), the guy That Corrupted Hadleyburg
* Charles Dickens, "A complete and devoted record of the Memorable Trial of Bardell opposed to Pickwick" from The Pickwick Papers
* Nikolai Gogol, "The Overcoat"
* Samuel Butler, "Customs and critiques of the Erewhonians" from Erewhon
* Sherwood Anderson, "I'm a Fool"
* nameless, Aucassin and Nicolette

Volume three: ingenious Literature II

* Stephen Crane, "The Open Boat"
* Herman Melville, "Billy Budd"
* Ivan Bunin, "The Gentleman from San Francisco"
* Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Rappaccini's Daughter"
* George Eliot, "The Lifted Veil"
* Lucius Apuleius, "Cupid and Psyche" from The Golden Ass
* Ivan Turgenev, "First Love"
* Fyodor Dostoevsky, "White Nights"
* John Galsworthy, "The Apple-Tree"
* Gustave Flaubert, "The Legend of St. Julian the Hospitaller"
* F. Scott Fitzgerald, "The Diamond as colossal because the Ritz"
* Honoré de Balzac, "A ardour within the Desert"
* Anton Chekhov, "The Darling"
* Isaac Singer, "The Spinoza of marketplace Street"
* Alexander Pushkin, "The Queen of Spades"
* D. H. Lawrence, "The Rocking-Horse Winner"
* Henry James, "The Pupil"
* Thomas Mann, "Mario and the Magician"
* Isak Dinesen, "Sorrow-Acre"
* Leo Tolstoy, "The demise of Ivan Ilyitch", "The 3 Hermits", "What males reside By"

Volume four: innovative Literature III

* Molière, The Misanthrope, The physician despite Himself
* Richard Sheridan, the college for Scandal
* Henrik Ibsen, An Enemy of the People
* Anton Chekhov, The Cherry Orchard
* George Bernard Shaw, the guy of Destiny
* John Synge, Riders to the Sea
* Eugene O'Neill, The Emperor Jones

Volume five: severe Essays

* Virginia Woolf, "How should still One learn a Book?"
* Matthew Arnold, "The research of Poetry", "Sweetness and Light"
* Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, "What Is a Classic?", "Montaigne"
* Francis Bacon, "Of Beauty", "Of Discourse", "Of Studies"
* David Hume, "Of the normal of Taste"
* Arthur Schopenhauer, "On Style", "On a few different types of Literature", "On the Comparative position of curiosity and sweetness in Works of Art"
* Friedrich Schiller, "On basic and mawkish Poetry"
* Percy Bysshe Shelley, "A Defence of Poetry"
* Walt Whitman, Preface to Leaves of Grass
* William Hazlitt, "My First Acquaintance with Poets", "On Swift", "Of people One would want to Have Seen"
* Charles Lamb, "My First Play", "Dream youngsters, a Reverie", "Sanity of precise Genius"
* Samuel Johnson, Preface to Shakespeare
* Thomas de Quincey, Literature of data and Literature of Power", "On the Knocking on the Gate in Macbeth"
* T. S. Eliot, "Dante", "Tradition and the person Talent"

Volume 6: guy and Society I

* John Stuart Mill, "Childhood and Youth" from Autobiography
* Mark Twain, "Learning the River" from existence at the Mississippi
* Jean de los angeles Bruyere, "Characters" from A e-book of Characters
* Thomas Carlyle, 'The Hero as King" from On Heroes, Hero-Worship and the Heroic in History
* Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Thoreau"
* Nathaniel Hawthorne, "Sketch of Abraham Lincoln"
* Walt Whitman, "Death of Abraham Lincoln"
* Virginia Woolf, "The artwork of Biography"
* Xenophon, "The March to the Sea" from The Persian excursion, "The personality of Socrates" from Memorabilia
* William H. Prescott, "The Land of Montezuma" from The Conquest of Mexico
* Haniel lengthy, "The energy inside of Us"
* Pliny the more youthful, "The Eruption of Vesuvius"
* Tacitus, "The lifetime of Gnaeus Julius Agricola"
* Francois Guizot, "Civilization" from heritage of Civilization in Europe
* Henry Adams, "The usa in 1800" from background of the U.S. of America
* John Bagnell Bury, "Herodotus" from the traditional Greek Historians
* Lucian, "The technique to Write History"
* nice Documents
o The English invoice of Rights
o assertion of the Rights of guy and of the Citizen
o The Virginia announcement of Rights
o The statement of Independence
o constitution of the United Nations
o common announcement of Human Rights
* Thomas Paine, "A name to Patriots - December 23, 1776"
* George Washington, "Circular Letter to the Governors of the entire States on Disbanding the Army", "The Farewell Address"
* Thomas Jefferson, "The Virginia Constitution" from Notes on Virginia, "First Inaugural Address", "Biographical Sketches"
* Benjamin Franklin, "A thought for selling beneficial wisdom one of the British Plantations in America", "Proposals in terms of the schooling of youngster in Pennsylvania"
* Jean de Crevecoeur, "The Making of Americans" from Letters from an American Farmer
* Alexis de Tocqueville, "Observations on American existence and Government" from Democracy in America
* Henry David Thoreau,"Civil Disobedience", "A Plea for Captain John Brown"
* Abraham Lincoln, "Address at Cooper Institute", "First Inaugural Address", "Letter to Horace Greeley", "Meditation at the Divine Will", "The Gettysburg Address", "Second Inaugural Address", "Last Public Address"

Volume 7: guy and Society II

* Francis Bacon, "Of adolescence and Age", "Of mom and dad and Children", "Of Marriage and unmarried Life", "Of nice Place", "Of Seditions and Troubles", "Of customized and Education", "Of fans and Friends", "Of Usury", "Of Riches"
* Jonathan rapid, "Resolutions while I end up Old", "An Essay on glossy Education", "A Meditation upon a Broomstick", "A Modest concept for fighting the youngsters of eire from Being a Burden to Their mom and dad or Country"
* David Hume, "Of Refinement within the Arts", "Of Money", "Of the stability of Trade", "Of Taxes", "Of the learn of History"
* Plutarch, "Of Bashfulness"
* Robert Louis Stevenson, "The Lantern-Bearers" from around the Plains
* John Ruskin, "An Idealist's Arraignment of the Age" from 4 Clavigera
* William James, "On a undeniable Blindness in Human Beings", "The Energies of Men", "Great males and Their Environment"
* Arthur Schopenhauer, "On Education"
* Michael Faraday, "Observations on psychological Education"
* Edmund Burke, "Letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol"
* John Calhoun, "The Concurrent Majority"
* Thomas Babington Macaulay, "Machiavelli"
* Voltaire, "English males and Ideas" from Letters at the English
* Dante, "On international Government" from De Monarchia
* Jean Jacques Rousseau, "A Lasting Peace throughout the Federation of Europe"
* Immanuel Kant, "Perpetual Peace"
* Karl von Clausewitz, "What Is War?" from On War
* Thomas Robert Malthus, "The precept of Population" from inhabitants: the 1st Essay

Volume eight: usual Science

* Francis Bacon, "The Sphinx"
* John Tyndall, "Michael Faraday" from Faraday as a Discoverer
* Eve Curie, "The Discovery of Radium" from Madame Curie
* Charles Darwin, "Autobiography"
* Jean Henri Fabre, "A Laboratory of the Open Fields", "The Sacred Beetle"
* Loren Eiseley, "On Time"
* Rachel Carson, "The Sunless Sea" from the ocean round Us
* J. B. S. Haldane, "On Being definitely the right Size" from attainable Worlds
* Thomas Henry Huxley, "On the family members of guy to the decrease Animals", "On a section of Chalk"
* Francis Galton, "The class of Human Ability" from Hereditary Genius
* Claude Bernard, "Experimental concerns universal to dwelling issues and Inorganic Bodies"
* Ivan Pavlov, "Scientific examine of the So-called Psychical methods within the better Animals"
* Friedrich Wohler, "On the substitute creation of Urea"
* Charles Lyell, "Geological Evolution" from the rules of Geology
* Galileo, "The Starry Messenger"
* Tommaso Campanella, "Arguments for and opposed to Galileo" from The safety of Galileo
* Michael Faraday, The Chemical background of a Candle
* Dmitri Mendeleev, "The Genesis of a legislations of Nature" from The Periodic legislation of the Chemical Elements
* Hermann von Helmholtz, "On the Conservation of Force"
* Albert Einstein and Leopold Infeld, "The upward push and Decline of Classical Physics" from The Evolution of Physics
* Arthur Eddington, "The Running-Down of the Universe" from Nature and the actual World
* James denims, "Beginnings and Endings" from The Universe round Us
* Kees Boeke, "Cosmic View"

Volume nine: Mathematics

* Lancelot Hogben, "Mathematics, the replicate of Civilization" from arithmetic for the Million
* Andrew Russell Forsyth, "Mathematics, in lifestyles and Thought"
* Alfred North Whitehead, "On Mathematical Method", "On the character of a Calculus"
* Bertrand Russell, "The examine of Mathematics", "Mathematics and the Metaphysicians", "Definition of Number"
* Edward Kasner and James R. Newman, "New Names for Old", "Beyond the Googol"
* Tobias Dantzig, "Fingerprints", "The Empty Column"
* Leonhard Euler, "The Seven Bridges of Konigsberg"
* Norman Robert Campbell, "Measurement", "Numerical legislation and using arithmetic in Science"
* William Clifford, "The Postulates of the technological know-how of Space" from the commonsense of the precise Sciences
* Henri Poincaré, "Space", "Mathematical Creation", "Chance"
* Pierre Simon de Laplace, "Probability" from A Philosophical Essay on Probabilities
* Charles Sanders Peirce, "The crimson and the Black"

Volume 10: Philosophical Essays

* John Erskine, "The ethical legal responsibility to Be Intelligent"
* William Clifford, "The Ethics of Belief"
* William James, "The Will to Believe", "The Sentiment of Rationality"
* John Dewey, "The strategy of Thought" from How We Think
* Epicurus, "Letter to Herodotus", "Letter to Menoeceus"
* Epictetus, The Enchiridion
* Walter Pater, "The paintings of Life" from The Renaissance
* Plutarch, "Contentment"
* Cicero, "On Friendship", "On previous Age"
* Francis Bacon, "Of Truth", "Of Death", "Of Adversity", "Of Love", "Of Friendship", "Of Anger"
* George Santayana, "Lucretius", "Goethe's Faust"
* Henry Adams, "St. Thomas Aquinas" from Mont-Saint-Michel and Chartres
* Voltaire, "The Philosophy of universal Sense"
* John Stuart Mill, "Nature"
* Ralph Waldo Emerson, "Nature", "Self-Reliance", "Montaigne; or, the Skeptic"
* William Hazlitt, "On the sensation of Immortality in Youth"
* Thomas Browne, "Immortality" from Urn-Burial

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Extra info for A Gateway to the Great Books, Volumes 1-10

Sample text

It enables one (says Melville in Moby Dick, in GBWW, Vol. 48), to take “this whole universe for a vast practical joke . . ” But it has a much higher aim, according to Schiller (On Simple and Sentimental Poetry, Vol. ” This certainly sounds as if comedy has a purpose beyond mere entertainment, though perhaps we should consider these the effects of comedy rather than its aim. Still, comedy may be a way of communicating a deadly serious message. Works like Dickens’ The Pickwick Papers (Vol. 2) involve a sharp—if often hilarious—critique of the deplorable social situation in England in the nineteenth century.

The soul? What is fate? Necessity? Law? Justice? Equality? Slavery? Government? The State? Society? Happiness? Pursuing these ideas through the Great Books of the Western World—the passages dealing with them are all indexed under these terms in the Syntopicon—we are sooner or later drawn to almost every one of the other great ideas. And nowhere is the dispute among thinkers hotter than it is in connection with this one concept, liberty. 46 Gateway to the Great Books Most of the works in Volumes 6 and 7 of Gateway to the Great Books deal with liberty, as do many of the writings in the other volumes.

What then, if fiction or poetry be untrue, can it profit us? The apparent contradiction has never been more clearly resolved than in Aristotle’s little treatise On Poetics (GBWW, Vol. 8). , what is possible. . The distinction between historian and poet is not in the one writing prose and the other verse—you might put the work of Herodotus into verse, and it would still be a species of history; it consists really in this, that the one describes the thing that has been, and the other a kind of thing that might be.

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