A Historical and Economic Geography of Ottoman Greece: The by Fariba Zarinebaf

By Fariba Zarinebaf

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Extra resources for A Historical and Economic Geography of Ottoman Greece: The Southwestern Morea in the 18th Century (Hesperia Supplement 34)

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On the Minnesota Messenia Expedition as a whole, see McDonald and Rapp 1972. 6. Topping 2000; inalclk 1991b. OTTOMAN STUDIES AND ARCHAEOLOGY IN GREECE 3 records provided a full picture of settlement in their region between 1686 and 1715, and a complete 14th-century Frankish census for at least one village (Kremmydia) had been published,7 the archaeologists of the Minnesota Messenia Expedition did not integrate this information with their archaeological study, the focus of which was the Bronze Age.

A close examination of the nature of the Ottoman conquest and rule will shed light on social and economic changes. s Thomas rebelled against his brother, forcing the Ottomans to intervene. According to Babinger, this internal conflict and subsequent Albanian ravages and violence against the local Greek population caused great distress in southern parts of the Morea. Moreover, Ottoman punitive expeditions in the north resulted in great losses in 1459 to the local populations of Patras and Corinth, among other places in the Morea.

Very few Turks lived in the villages outside the fortress,although many owned propertythroughout the district. There appears to have been an ethnic and religious segregation in the settlement of towns and villages. The Ottoman conquest of Crete in 1669 undermined the Venetian position in the Mediterranean and the Aegean. 40The treaty of Karlowitz formally granted control of the Morea to Venice in 1699. The long Ottoman-Venetian strugglesfor Crete and the Ottoman-Holy League wars, which lasted for almost three decades, resulted in economic devastation in the frontier areas and a major economic and political crisis for the Ottoman state.

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