A Primer of Botanical Latin with Vocabulary by Emma Short

By Emma Short

Latin is one in all appropriate languages for describing new vegetation, and taxonomists has to be in a position to translate prior texts in Latin. supplying an easy rationalization of Latin grammar in addition to an in-depth vocabulary, this can be an critical advisor for systematic botanists world wide. All correct components of speech are mentioned, with accompanying examples in addition to labored routines for translating diagnoses and outlines to and from Latin. instructions for forming particular epithets also are incorporated. The authors cross-reference their grammar to Stearn's Botanical Latin and to articles within the foreign Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and vegetation. the great vocabulary is better with phrases from fresh glossaries for non-flowering vegetation - lichens, mosses, algae, fungi and ferns - making this an excellent source for someone trying to hone their figuring out of Latin grammar and to translate botanical texts from the earlier three hundred years

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5 Title Name: SHORTandGEORGE Date:20/10/12 Time:18:38:42 Page Number: 38 5 The conjunction (Stearn pp. 128–129) A conjunction is a word used to connect words, phrases, clauses and sentences. Those most commonly used are ‘and’ (et, atque), ‘or’ (ant, vel) and ‘but’ (sed). Some may be used in pairs, but in Latin the same word is repeated; these we have ‘both … and’ (et … et), ‘either … or’ (vel … vel), ‘neither … nor’ (nec … nec). g. ‘and also’ (atque, ac), ‘or if ’, ‘or else’ (seu, sive), ‘so that’ (ut).

2 Date:22/10/12 Time:21:39:21 Page Number: 22 22 Title Name: SHORTandGEORGE The adjective and the participle ‘core’ or basic part of an adjective that remains unaltered even as the endings change for the different cases. In botanical Latin, an adjective is always placed after the noun that it qualifies, except occasionally for emphasis. In the tables below the abbreviations Masculine, Feminine and Neuter indicate masculine, feminine and neuter. In Group A (Stearn pp. 90–92) are those adjectives and participles with the nominative singular ending in -us (masculine), -a (feminine) or -um (neuter), or in -er (masculine), -ra (feminine) or -rum (neuter).

Comp. : 7 Title Name: SHORTandGEORGE Date:20/10/12 Time:19:06:36 Page Number: 48 48 The verb In classical Latin the verb is always placed at the end of a sentence or clause. This rule is best also followed in botanical Latin, but need not be adhered to strictly. e. first, second, third. Thus, for the first person there is ‘I’ (singular) and ‘we’ (plural), for second person ‘you’ (both singular and plural), and for third person ‘he’, ‘she’ or it' (all singular) and ‘they’ (plural). Number indicates whether one or more than one person forms the subject.

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