A Will of Their Own: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Working by Manfred Liebel

By Manfred Liebel

Kid's paintings is at the bring up in all components of the realm, together with the prosperous international locations of Europe and North the USA, and is heavily associated with the approaches of globalization. it may well tackle broadly differing types and will damage childrens, but in addition gain them. This book's technique is exact: it endeavors to appreciate operating kids, and their methods of dwelling and performing, from their very own viewpoint. it really is attracted to the kid's personal stories and hopes, particularly their makes an attempt to talk out in public and to struggle jointly opposed to exploitation and discrimination. It exhibits that kids often see and evaluation their paintings another way from adults, and that measures directed opposed to kid's paintings are usually not consistently within the pursuits of the youngsters. It argues for a brand new, subject-oriented method in facing kid's paintings, which takes account of socio-cultural contexts, either in conception and perform.

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A remarkable theoretical and methodological contribution to research into children’s work is that edited by Rodgers and Standing (1981b) for the ILO. Here for the first time an attempt was made to classify the economic activities of children, and attention was paid to the difficulty of this task. In particular the introductory essay by Rodgers and Standing, together with the articles in the volume by Bekombo (1981) and Schildkrout (1981) on Africa and that by Dube (1981) on India, emphasize the necessity of studying and evaluating children’s work in its socio-cultural context.

In doing so, their organizations take on tasks that no one in their societies relieves them of. I will illustrate this with the example of recent developments in southern Africa, taking up considerations formulated by Kurt Madörin for the project work of terre des hommes (Switzerland) in Tanzania. In Zimbabwe, Zambia, Uganda, Tanzania and other countries of southern Africa the number of children who have to care for themselves and their brothers and sisters (‘children-headed households’) has considerably increased as a result of growing poverty and not least the  |    spread of AIDS.

This made these reports of little use in the development of indicators for situation analysis of working children and almost no use for comparative study projects. Despite their methodological weakness, the NGOs’ publications contributed to bringing the living conditions of working children to the notice of the aid organizations, governments and research institutions and the general public. 3 In recent years, the studies carried out or commissioned by NGOs have gained considerably in quality. Above all the International Save the Children Alliance (ISCA) has initiated field research in several countries, some of it intensive, which was also methodologically innovative.

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