American Guestworkers: Jamaicans and Mexicans in the U. S. by David Griffith

By David Griffith

The H-2 application, initially dependent in Florida, is the longest operating labor-importation application within the nation. Over the process a quarter-century of analysis, Griffith studied rural hard work procedures and their nationwide and overseas results. during this publication, he examines the socioeconomic results of the H-2 application on either the parts the place the workers paintings and the components they're from, and, taking a uniquely humanitarian stance, he considers the results of this system at the workers themselves.

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A Chuj man named Parsenal Velazquez, from Guatemala’s northwest provinces (the main targets of the military’s scorched-earth campaigns of the s and s) described the process as recently as February  like this: “We arrived in Sonora and entered the United States in Arizona. We walked three days and three nights to Chandler, arriving hungry and thirsty because we went through all our food and water by the end of the second day. The trip to Florida cost us $,. They took us to Homestead, where we began picking tomatoes for forty-five cents a bucket.

Whether they receive benefits depends on the number of courses they teach per semester and the nature of their contracts, but they remain independent contractors. Many of these individuals are biding their time until a full-time, tenure-track position opens up, but the more energetic have been able to piece together highly rewarding (though still insecure) work experiences by mixing occasional teaching with research and consulting. In these cases, the freedoms and rewards of independent contracting may outweigh the (admittedly few) burdens that come with secure university employment.

Lucia, St. S. Congress ). S. S. Congress ). While I met older men in Jamaica who had worked as far east as Wisconsin during the war, most workers remained confined to an eastern corridor stretching from south Florida to New England. While the Bracero Program at its peak imported nearly half a million men in one year, the BWI program never imported more than twenty thousand workers in a single year. The Bracero Program lasted from the war years until , when civil rights legislation, combined with developments in agricultural and related rural labor markets and rural society, made the program vulnerable to organized labor just when it was becoming obsolete as a source of labor for agriculture.

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