Anarcho-syndicalism in the 20th century by V Damier, V Dame

By V Damier, V Dame

Anarcho-syndicalism, a idea and perform of operating category revolution, was once built now not by means of students operating in libraries yet by way of the staff themselves. The anarcho-syndicalist circulation of the 20 th century prolonged to all of the industrialized international locations of the area or even agricultural areas. This was once now not a perimeter phenomenon yet concerned thousands of staff. Mainstream hard work unions and social-democratic events became more and more powerless to guard the profits of employees. during this state of affairs, anarcho-syndicalismathe innovative, non-authoritarian replacement to reformismais back at the time table. This severe examine of anarcho-syndicalism within the final century finds a heritage of fight which has frequently been overlooked yet holds many helpful classes for the current.

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Anarcho-syndicalism in the 20th century

Anarcho-syndicalism, a idea and perform of operating type revolution, was once constructed now not via students operating in libraries yet via the employees themselves. The anarcho-syndicalist move of the twentieth century prolonged to all of the industrialized nations of the realm or even agricultural areas. This was once no longer a perimeter phenomenon yet concerned hundreds of thousands of staff.

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32] They proceeded from the assumption that the unions in the course of a revolutionary strike would expropriate capitalist property and transform themselves into an association of producers. Each union would occupy itself with carrying out the re-organization of production and disribution in its own area of expertise. The trade unions, with their territorial and industrial federations at all levels (up to and including the national congress and its executive) would become the organs of a new society, making decisions and carrying them out in the sphere of economic and social life: gathering statistics and sharing them, coordinating production and distribution on the basis of these statistics, and ensuring the social processes by which administration takes place from bottom to top.

38 See, for example: G. Sorel, Réflections sur la violence (Paris, 1906).  $QDUFKRV\QGLFDOLVP LQ WKH WK &HQWXU\ anarcho-communists drew their demand for the liquidation of the division of society into classes. The path to this result they saw in the resistance of oppressed social layers, but they emphasized: “The anarchist revolution which we seek is far from being restricted to the interests of one distinct class. ”[39] On the other hand, revolutionary syndicalism adopted the Marxist concept of the primacy of the economy and the progressive nature of class struggle in social development.

The anarchists and syndicalists answered counterrevolutionary terror with strikes and armed actions. [83] In Portugal the UON, in which the revolutionary syndicalists now predominated, organized a successful general strike in the Lisbon region in support of construction workers, offering armed resistance to the police and the national guard. The federation of construction workers called for an armed revolt in the course of a new general strike planned for November 1918 which had been announced by the UON.

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