Brain gain: rethinking U.S. immigration policy by Darrell M. West

By Darrell M. West

Lots of the US s maximum artists, scientists, traders, educators, and marketers have come from in another country. instead of being affected by the mind drain of gifted and trained contributors emigrating, the U.S. has benefited drastically through the years from the mind achieve of immigration. those proficient immigrants have engineered advances in strength, info expertise, overseas trade, activities, arts, and tradition. to stick aggressive, the us needs to institute extra of an open-door coverage to draw distinct abilities from different countries. but american citizens face up to this kind of coverage regardless of their very own immigrant histories and the giant social, financial, highbrow, and cultural merits of welcoming novices. Why? In mind achieve, Darrell West asserts that belief or imaginative and prescient is one cause reform in immigration coverage is so politically tough. Public discourse has a tendency to stress the perceived negatives. worry too frequently trumps optimism and cause. And democracy is messy, with coverage ideas which are frequently tough to reconcile. The seeming irrationality of U.S. immigration coverage arises from quite a few thorny and interrelated elements: particularistic politics and fragmented associations, public obstacle concerning schooling and employment, anger over taxes and social companies, and ambivalence approximately nationwide id, tradition, and language. upload to that stew a myopic (or worse) press, power fears of terrorism, and the problems of enforcing border enforcement and felony justice. West prescribes a chain of reforms that might placed the US on a greater path and improve its long term social and monetary prosperity. Reconceptualizing immigration so one can improve innovation and competitiveness, the writer notes, may help us locate the following Sergey Brin, the subsequent Andrew Grove, or perhaps the following Albert Einstein.

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Soon other nationalities would find that fears about jobs, health, national security, and the American character would trump the open border policy. S. immigration policy, one that now restricted entry to the United States. 15 27 C O M P E T ING P O LIC Y PRINC I PL E S Early 1900s: Emphasis on Immigration Restrictions By the 1920s public concern over unchecked immigration had reached new heights. In response Congress enacted the Emergency Quota Act of 1921, which established official quotas for immigrants based on national origins.

51 Indeed, most founders of high-tech companies who came to America from abroad did so as students and then started business careers after graduation. Many foreign students are highly motivated individuals who would like to stay in the United States after graduation to work, launch businesses, and develop innovative ideas. They are a source of great talent and an engine for economic development. 14 t he COSTS AND BENEFITS OF IMMIGRATION According to the Kauffman Index of Entrepreneurial Activity, immigrants over the past decade have displayed a high level of entrepreneurial spirit.

Illegal immigrants are not able to receive any forms of welfare, public health care (except for emergency services), or retirement benefits. Legal permanent residents must contribute to Medicare and Social Security for at least ten years before they can benefit from these government programs. If born in the United States, though, children of immigrants are American citizens and can receive government aid targeted on the young. 34 Fiscal pressures, though, have led some state governments to eliminate health coverage for legal immigrants as a way to close budget gaps.

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