Bricks without straw: a comprehensive history of African by David A. Williams

By David A. Williams

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TAAHO Collections, Austin, Texas Where did he come from? How did he contribute to the early history of Texas? In the winter of 1826, one of the families immigrating to Texas from Mississippi was the family of the matriarch Catherine Arnold. The Arnold family joined Austin's colony on the Brazos River at San Felipe. Accompanying Catherine was her son, Daniel Arnold, and his wife, Rachel. Daniel and Rachel had two sons, two daughters, and five slaves. One of Daniel's sons was a free black male named Hendrick Arnold.

He ordered his fancy red-and-white-striped tent to be set up and he proceeded to commit several foolish and unmilitary antics designed to impress his copper-toned female guest. Emily's presence with Santa Anna must have impaired his judgment to the extent that he was ineffective as a commanding general on the afternoon of April 21, 1836. If this is true, as it seems to be, Emily Morgan deserves as much credit for the Texas victory at San Jacinto as do Houston, "Deaf" Smith, Arnold, and all the others.

Nevertheless, all three members of the traveling board, as well as three members of the Jefferson board and some seventy-odd citizens, petitioned Congress that these "good and worthy members of the Community" labored "by reason of their being people of colour under great and embarrassing inconvenience" and requested Congress to direct issuance of the patents. '' Except for the two decennial censuses of 1850 and 1860, there are no records showing the exact number of free African Americans in Jefferson and Orange counties at any given time.

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