Brickyards to Graveyards:From Production to Genocide in by Villia Jefremovas

By Villia Jefremovas

Explores how the stipulations that formed Rwanda's hard work association and industries additionally formed Rwanda's genocide.

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Additional resources for Brickyards to Graveyards:From Production to Genocide in Rwanda (S.U.N.Y. Series in Anthropology of Work)

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He had bought the land in Pfunda on which his enterprise was based. His enterprise, which had 13 employees, ran only during the dry season and he had an arrangement with a much larger entrepreneur, Simon, to employ his regular laborers in a tile operation during the rainy seasons. As a military officer, he had the connections to bid on large projects and was in the process of firing a large kiln (140,000 bricks) at the time of the interviews: “Because there are a lot of others who have the same business, the owner has to do a lot of running to find buyers.

In the south this independence was not illusory. Most men who worked in these enterprises also owned farmland, cultivated by their wives or mothers, grew sufficient staples for home consumption, and grew coffee and bananas as 44 BRICKYARDS TO GRAVEYARDS cash crops. Almost all of the men in this region grew some coffee and some bananas for cash. 9 Small farmers in the south at this time, appear to have had larger holdings. Because of this situation, these southern workers did not live solely on the wages they earned.

In the south, the smaller marshes around Huye and Ngoma were the sites of small-scale tile manufacturing. Tile manufacturing was attractive only if there was no competition from small peasant producers. With the exception of Telesphore, who began his enterprise early and who had specialized in a particular niche market, all the entrepreneurs began on well-capitalized basis. Most invested in enterprises employing more than ten employees. Most of these entrepreneurs bought or rented the land and began making bricks and selling them on a contract basis.

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