Deontology (Blackwell Readings in Philosophy) by Stephen Darwell

By Stephen Darwell

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The human being as a moral being (homo noumenon) cannot use himself as a natural being (homo phaenomenon) as a mere means (a speaking machine), as if his natural being were not bound to the inner end (of communicating thoughts), but is bound to the condition of using himself as a natural being in agreement with the declaration (declaratio) of his moral being and is under obligation to himself to truthfulness. - Someone tells an inner lie, for example, if he professes belief in a future judge of the world, although he really finds no such belief within himself but persuades himself that it could do no harm and might even be useful to profess in his thoughts to one who scrutinizes hearts a belief in such a judge, in order to win his favor in case he should exist.

The concept of dirty is inseparable from the concept of right. A duty is that on the part of one being which corresponds to the rights of another. Where there are no rights, there are no duties. To tell the truth is therefore a dirty, but only to one who has a right to the truth. " It is to be noted, first, that the expression "to have a right to the truth" is meaningless. One must instead say one has a right to his own truthfulness (aeracitas), that is, to the subjective truth in his person. For to have a right to a truth objectively would be tantamount to saying that, as in the case with what is yours or mine generally, it is a matter of one's will whether a given proposition is to be true or false; and this would give rise to an extraordinary logic.

5 For some examples, see the selection in this volume from W. D. Ross, The Right and the Good. 6 A Theory of Justice, pp. 30-3. 7 Since "prima facie" suggests something epistemological, philosophers nowadays are as likely to use the term "pro tanto" ("as far as it goes"). " Part I Classical Sources From Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals Immanuel Kant From the Preface Since my aim here is directed properly to moral philosophy, I limit the question proposed only to this: is it not thought to be of the utmost necessity to work out for once a pure moral philosophy, completely cleansed of everything that may be only empirical and that belongs to anthropology?

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